Alexander now planned to recall Antipater and supersede him by Craterusbut he was to die before this could be done. On the Hyphasis he erected 12 altars to the 12 Olympian gods, and on the Hydaspes he built a fleet of to 1, ships.
Half the army with the baggage under Hephaestion and Perdiccasboth cavalry commanders, Alexander the great in conquest of gaugemel sent through the Khyber Passwhile he himself led the rest, together with his siege train, through the hills to the north.
Alexander had on several occasions encouraged favourable comparison of his own accomplishments with those of Dionysus or Heracles.
At this Darius took flight, and panic spread through his entire army, which began a headlong retreat while being cut down by the pursuing Greeks.
There is no reason to assume that his demand had any political background divine status gave its possessor no particular rights in a Greek city ; it was rather a symptom of growing megalomania and emotional instability.
Alexander placed his pezhetairoi, carrying 18 foot long sarissas Markleon the center; the Thessalian cavalry on the left, and the companion cavalry and Alexander were on the right. This army was to prove remarkable for its balanced combination of arms. Alexander and Ada appear to have formed an emotional connection.
It was an extraordinary victory achieved against a numerically superior army on ground chosen by the Persians.
The defile was very narrow, and could have been easily defended. Alexander, who had a weak navy, was constantly being threatened by the Persian navy.
Bessus was now in Bactria raising a national revolt in the eastern satrapies with the usurped title of Great King. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Bessus was captured, flogged, and sent to Bactra, where he was later mutilated after the Persian manner losing his nose and ears ; in due course he was publicly executed at Ecbatana.
Alexander had sent spies to meet with dissidents inside the city, who had promised to open the gates and allow Alexander to enter. After his defeat at Issus two years previously, Darius made sure that this battleground favored his army and its tactics - particularly the use of his feared scythe-wheeled chariots.
It took Alexander until the autumn of to crush the most determined opponent he encountered in his campaigns.
Ruthless and self-willed, he had increasing recourse to terror, showing no hesitation in eliminating men whom he had ceased to trust, either with or without the pretense of a fair trial.
The far-reaching schemes for the conquest of the western Mediterranean and the setting up of a universal monarchy, recorded by Diodorus Siculusa 1st-century Greek historian, are probably based on a later forgery; if not, they were at once jettisoned by his successors and the army.
The Persians also who were riding round the wing were seized with alarm when Aretes made a vigorous attack upon them. The army of Alexander consisted of 40, men and it was augmented by some troops already located in Asia.
But the Scythian cavalry and the Bactrians, who had been drawn up with them, sallied forth against them and being much more numerous they put the small body of Greeks to rout.
The Macedonians advanced with the wings echeloned back at 45 degrees to lure the Persian cavalry to attack. On the right-center were Cretan mercenaries.
This tactic caught the Persians off guard. There was an open mutiny involving all but the royal bodyguard; but when Alexander dismissed his whole army and enrolled Persians instead, the opposition broke down.
He had several of the slower galleys, and a few barges, refit with battering rams, the only known case of battering rams being used on ships. On his reaching the oracle in its oasisthe priest gave him the traditional salutation of a pharaohas son of Amon; Alexander consulted the god on the success of his expedition but revealed the reply to no one.
A strong wind caused the fire to destroy much of the city. In the organization of his empire, Alexander had been content in many spheres to improvise and adapt what he found. He then coordinated an attack across the breach with a bombardment from all sides by his navy.
It continuously attempted to provoke an engagement with Alexander, who would have none of it.Alexander did not want Darius to have excuses for not winning and so wanted a clear cut battle. In the night, it was more dangerous and Alexander was less aware of the terrain surrounding the enemy mi-centre.comonally, Darius.
Alexander the Great faced a formidable Darius III at the Battle of Gaugamela in BC. by Marc G. De Santis On the morning of October 1, bc, two great armies drew up for battle to determine the destiny of empires.
Alexander the Great, also known as Alexander III or Alexander of Macedonia, (born bce, Pella, Macedonia [northwest of Thessaloníki, Greece]—died June 13, bce, Babylon [near Al-Ḥillah, Iraq]), king of Macedonia (– bce), who overthrew the Persian empire, carried Macedonian arms to India, and laid the foundations for the.
Map of Alexander the Great's Conquests. Map of the Battle of Gaugamela - Alexander's Attack. A map of the battle of Gaugamela depicting Alexander the Great attacking Darius III, a move that led to victory.
Ancient Near Eastern Metal Production. A map showing the major sites of metal production in the Ancient Near East, including. The Battle of Gaugamela (1st October BCE, also known as the Battle of Arbela) was the final meeting between Alexander the Great of Macedon and King Darius III of Persia.
After this victory, Alexander was, without question, the King of all Asia. Watch video · Alexander the Great was born in the Pella region of the Ancient Greek kingdom of Macedonia on July 20, B.C., to parents King Philip II of Macedon and Queen Olympia, daughter of King Neoptolemus.Download